Archive | April, 2014

Tooth discoloration: all you need to know from your Playa del Carmen dentist

19 Apr

Tooth discoloration or staining of teeth is a very common dental problem and causes many people a great deal of discomfort when talking or smiling. Staining of teeth may be uniform or may appear as spots or lines on the enamel. Colored areas may have a density or porosity different than that of normal enamel. This phenomenon is due to the infiltration of certain substances in the enamel of the teeth resulting in loss of the normal natural white color, Coloration can vary from yellow , yellow -brown , brown , gray , gray- black or white spots, depending on the cause of their occurrence .

The teeth turning yellow is one of the most common manifestations of dental discoloration. The natural color of human teeth varies in color. Not all people are lucky have a bright white color as natural teeth. A slightly yellowish hue is found very frequently. Tooth enamel is more or less translucent, which means that the lower layer of dentin is the one that determines the color of your teeth. Different variations in dentin structure can affect the color of the reflected light, resulting in a different color of the teeth. In general this problem reveals a poor oral hygiene. Dental plaque is caused mainly by the formation of a yellowish film on the surface of the teeth that are not properly cleaned and can lead to other diseases such as tooth decay or gum inflammation.

The general trend is that when a person has yellowed teeth is to apply a tooth whitening procedure, but before it has to determine the cause of the problem.

Dental stains can be classified into three categories, each with its own determining causes:

1. Discoloration caused by extrinsic factors (exogenouscauses) – drinking coffee,tea, cigarettes, wine.

This occurs when chromogenic substances from food stain the enamel layer of the teeth. Cleaning and whitening products and professional dental cleaning can remove the unpleasant appearance of these stains. You should call us, make an appointment and get your teeth professionally cleaned by your Playa del Carmen dentist. We use the best equipment, have the highest standards and will definitely provide you a fresher smile, plus we’re only a short flight away.

2. Discoloration caused by intrinsic factors ( endogenous causes that occur during enamel formation ) tetracycline administration at an early age or during pregnancy , ingestion of large quantities of fluoride during childhood , the lack of vitamin A and B due to genetics (congenital porphyria ) .

In this case, the dentin layer is affected by abnormal coloration. These stains can be removed by using whitening products that change tooth color.

If stains have been untreated for too long, allowing them to penetrate the internal structures of the tooth, then it can recommend specific treatments or veneering teeth whitening.

3. Discoloration due to aging (a combination of endogenous and exogenous causes) due to aging enamel thins, allowing the dentin to show. This combined with exogenous factors contribute to the damaging of the natural aesthetical look of your teeth

Remember, a good oral hygiene and regular check-ups with your Playa del Carmen dentist will help you keep that pearly white smile for a longer time.

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Extracting a tooth: recommendations given by your dentist in Playa del Carmen

13 Apr

Extraction of a tooth is sadly one of the most encountered maneuvers that occur in the dental office. For those who end up in this situation, it should be noted that you must meet certain indications to not delay the post extraction healing and prevent wound infection. The removal of wisdom teeth is also a procedure done routinely in dental practices.
Tooth extraction is a surgery is to remove a diseased tooth, which causes pathological processes and maintain local, regional and general that cannot be resolved through conservative treatments.
This surgery can be done either by your dentist, or maxillofacial surgery.
Here are the instructions your dentist in Playa del Carmen needs you to respect after tooth extraction:
-After 1-2 hours after the procedure remove the bandage and return to the dental office only if there is massive bleeding;
-Do not eat nor drink 1-2 hours after the procedure;
-Do not rinse your mouth vigorously;
– Eat only soft foods and semi- soft, not to irritate the wound;
-brushing will resume starting from the 2nd day after extraction;
-at the end of the day you can rinse your mouth with an antiseptic, but do not rinse vigorously;
-if pain occurs, your dentistmight administer anti-inflammatory medications;
-after 7 days you must return to the dentist’s office to remove the sutures or to get checked if the healing goes according to plans.
When tooth extraction should be done?

-Dental caries affected the tooth completely.
-Severe abscesses with no alternative treatment to remove the infection.
-Infection destroyed a large portion of the tooth and surrounding bone, making the tooth mobile;
-Crowding: Some orthodontic treatments sometimes require tooth extractions, to make room so that the other teeth will be directed accordingly.
-If the patient undergoes radiation of the head and neck , tooth extraction is necessary of the teeth that are in the field of action of radiation to prevent the apparition of osteoradionecrosis
-People who are subject to anti- cancer treatments are likely prone to dental infections ( due to low immunity of the body ) .
-If people are going to have an organ transplant tooth extraction of the teeth that could cause infection in the body after the procedure is required (after transplant drug treatments lead to decreased immunity).
– “wisdom teeth” (called the third molars) are often extracted either before or after the eruption
Preparation for tooth extraction

before extraction, the dentist in Playa del Carmen will thoroughly review medical history (surgery, allergic reactions, past and ongoing medical treatments) and the patient and perform dental radiographies. Based on this information, the doctor will assess the difficulty of the procedure.
Risks of dental extraction

-Some surgeries can cause an infection that enters the bloodstream, because many bacteria found in the mouth (and thus close the incision). This happens only if the patients immunity is compromised due to other diseases or medications or artificial heart valves , congenital heart defects , cirrhosis , artificial dentures , predisposition to endocarditis ( an infection of the heart valves or layer or internal) . These patients require treatment with antibiotics before and after surgery.
-the surrounding bone can be affected during long and problematic procedures;
-Dry alveolitis ( alveolar otitis ) – occurs when the healing blood clot is disturbed by not respecting the indications given by the dentist after the procedure.

Does my child need braces? Your dentist in Puerto Vallarta answers

6 Apr

Does my child needs braces? Is a question that every parent should ask at a point throughout life? The need for orthodontic treatment can be diagnosed only by an orthodontist, but it is good for the parent to be informed of the best time to present to the Puerto Vallarta dentist.

The temporary dentition (the milk teeth) is necessary for the parent to review the following signs:

• If the child has a perfect smile without spacing between milk teeth, this is a warning of a shortage of space. Milk teeth are much smaller in diameter than the permanent ones , so if they are perfectly aligned it means that the permanent tooth will not have room to erupt or not there is enough space on the entire arch for the eruption of all permanent teeth ;

• The child shows vicious habits of sucking, mandibular propulsion or interposition of various objects or cheek and/or upper or lower lipbiting;

• A predominantlysoft food diet can causethe absence of physiological dental attrition of temporary teeth – a milestone in the development of normal occlusion. Diet is extremely important in the etiology of malocclusion;

• Premature loss of temporary teeth (caries, trauma, extraction) or incorrect fillings are factors generating imbalances. Early loss of second temporary molar inclination makes the first permanent molars to erupt incorrectly.

In the mixed dentition (between 6 and 12 years):

• From 5 to 6 years temporary arch transform normally (due to the eruption of the first molar)from a semicircle in an ellipse. The emergence of modified arch forms (arch shaped like a “V”) is an early sign of a compression of the jaw or even the protrusion of the jaw. Your Puerto Vallarta dentist will tell you the best treatment for your child, depending on his age and personal history.

• Inconsistencies in the temporary arch do not specifically announce an identical situation in the permanent dentition, they still require supervision during the eruption of permanent teeth.

• Vicious habits or abnormal muscle behaviors that were not corrected during temporary teeth now have a greater effect on the skeleton and may lead to malocclusion

• Cavities are once again a feared factor in the development of dental apparatus, especially young permanent teeth caries. A common problem is the loss of erupting first permanent molar long before the other permanent teeth are erupted. This raises orthodontic issues, leading to crowding or even more serious problems like cross bite or anterior deep bite.

It is however indicated to get an orthodontic consultation during this period, because some types of genetically transmitted abnormalities, hereditary can be treated correctly and completely only in this age range. If the parent has malocclusionstreated or untreated then there is a chance that the child will inherit the same forms.

Not all inconsistencies are permanent or require treatment. An example are the lateral incisors. Lower incisors erupt after upper central incisors and at the same time and therefore will have a modified position. Upper lateral incisors erupt in a slightly posterior position, but as the central incisors migrate to the occlusal plane, so will lateral incisor resume normal position. These slight inconsistencies must not be treated.