All you need to know about dental abrasion from your Cancun dentist

11 Jan

Dental abrasion occurs physiologically because of the friction forces occurring consecutively from contacting the upper teeth and the lower teeth during mastication. This phenomenon is mostly seen on the cusps of posterior teeth and canines and the edges of anterior teeth, thus resulting the secondary morphology of teeth by reducing the primary characteristics by polishing ridges and sharp edges. With age, dental abrasion destroys the enamel and can reach the dentin. As enamel cannot be regenerated the dentin might react, and start producing thin layer of thicker, rougher dentin, to protect itself. Abrasion is very pronounced in milk teeth, although they have a shorter lifespan, they still tend to present significant loss of dental hard substance before the period of replacement of permanent teeth.

It is estimated that approximately 11.8 % of the population has this disorder, males are more likely (62.5 %). There are multiple classifications in the literature that will systematize the severity of the substance deficit, taking as references the affected tissues, depth or the exact location on the tooth.

According to your Cancun dentist there are multiple risk factors that can trigger dental abrasion.
They may be endogenous ( those who depend on the body ) or exogenous ( dependent on environmental factors ) :
– losing you teeth ( resulting from tooth extraction ) , the most dangerous being the absence of lateral teeth groups (especially molars ), which promotes overuse of the frontals ;

– Improperly adjusted or incorrectly made dentures or made ​​of materials with hardness greater than that of enamel;

– Mastication predominantly or exclusively on one side (right or left ) , from the existence of pathologies on the opposite side that cause pain or disturb the patient , causing him to avoid touching the area ;
– Bruxism (teethgrinding), due to stress and masticatory muscle hyper function;
– Abnormalities of tooth structure responsible for weakening enamel and dentin: the marble bone disease syndrome, dental fluorosis, etc.
– Bad habits involving the interposition of certain objects between dental arches: smoking pipe,onychophagia (nailbiting), chewing tobacco;
– Multiple and repeated contacts with wind instruments in the case of musicians;
– Occupational exposure to environmental inorganic and organic acids (abrasion all groups interested in these subjects, enamel initially appears uneven, but when the abrasion reaches the dentin, the surfaces tend to have a smooth appearance. Workers with long experience in such conditions, may lose their permanent dental crowns and abrasion tends to be generalized)

– Various endocrine diseases like the diseases in thepituitary, thyroid or parathyroid glands.

– Use toothpastes that have a high content of abrasive substances, improper brushing techniques orinappropriate toothbrushes;

That is why it’s highly recommended to schedule a visits with your Cancun dentist to properly see if you are in the group affected by dental abrasion. Cancun is only a short flight away. We offer you the best conditions, the latest medical equipment and the best team of doctors, all so you can enjoy a well-deserved vacation in Mexico and in the same time get a new and improved smile.


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